Vacuum cleaners are now becoming indispensable in our daily lives, helping us maintain cleanliness and hygiene in our homes and workplaces. Have you ever wondered about the working principle behind these efficient cleaning machines? In this guide, we will unveil the secrets of the vacuum cleaner working principle, shedding light on how they operate and the key components that make them so effective. So, let's discover the science behind vacuum cleaners!

The Science Behind Vacuum Cleaner Working Principle

At its core, the vacuum cleaner works on the principle of creating a partial vacuum, which generates suction to draw in dust, dirt, and debris. This suction is created by a motor that powers the cleaner, and the air movement inside the machine is vital to its functioning.

Key Components Of A Vacuum Cleaner Working Principle

To understand about vacuum cleaner working principle, it's essential to know about its critical components:

Electric Motor: 

The electric motor is the heart of a vacuum machine. It provides the power needed to generate suction and drive the room cleaner machine. The motor drives a fan or impeller, which creates airflow and generates the necessary suction force. You can run the vacuum cleaner demo to warm it up.

Air Filter: 

An air filter is crucial in a room cleaner machine as it traps dust particles and prevents them from being expelled back into the environment. It ensures that the air exhausted from the vacuum machine is clean.

Dust Collection Bag/Container: 

Vacuum cleaners use a dust collection bag or a dust container. The bag or container collects the dirt and debris sucked into the machine. It can be quickly emptied or replaced when complete.

Nozzle and Brush: 

The nozzle and brush are attached to the vacuum cleaner's hose or wand. These objects are available in various shapes and sizes. Suit multiple cleaning needs. The meeting helps agitate and loosen dirt while the nozzle directs the suction to specific areas.

Vacuum Cleaner Working Principle: Understanding the Process

Let's now explore the step-by-step working principle of a vacuum cleaner:

Power On: 

When you turn on the vacuum cleaner, the electric motor starts running, driving the fan or impeller.

Airflow Creation: 

The fan or impeller spins rapidly, creating a high-speed airflow inside the vacuum cleaner.

Suction Generation: 

As the air moves through the room cleaner machine, it encounters a narrow passage or vent, leading to a decrease in pressure. This decrease in pressure creates suction at the nozzle or brush, pulling in dust and debris from the surface being cleaned.

Dust Collection: 

The dirt and debris enter the vacuum machine through the nozzle or brush and are directed into the dust collection bag or container. The air passes through the filtration system, where particles are trapped, and clean air is released back into the room.

Factors Affecting Vacuum Cleaner Working Principle

Several factors can impact the efficiency and effectiveness of a vacuum cleaner's working principle:

Motor Power: 

A more powerful motor generates greater suction force, allowing the vacuum cleaner to pick up dirt and debris more effectively.

Filtration System: 

The quality of the filtration system determines how well the vacuum cleaner traps dust and allergens. High-quality filters ensure cleaner air is expelled from the machine.

Nozzle and Brush Design:

The nozzle and brush's design and quality affect the machine's ability to agitate and pick up dirt from different surfaces. Versatile attachments enhance cleaning performance.

Top Vacuum Cleaner Machines in India

Here are the 5 Vacuum Cleaners in India:

AGARO Ace Wet & Dry Vacuum Cleaner:

Best for wet and dry vacuuming, this room cleaner machine consists of a 1600W powerhouse with a 20-litre tank ensuring robust cleaning performance for various tasks.

AGARO Regal HandHeld Vacuum Cleaner 800W:

Unleash the "Dust Dynamo" with Regal's handheld vacuum, featuring 800W power, 6.5 kPa suction, and a compact design for efficient and versatile cleaning.

AGARO Supreme Cordless Stick Vacuum Cleaner:

Embrace the "Wire-Free Wonder" of Supreme, boasting a 400W brushless DC motor, 25 kPa suction, and a cordless design for powerful and flexible cleaning.

AGARO Regency Cordless Stick Vacuum Cleaner:

Explore the "Eco-Efficient Explorer" with AGARO Regency, offering a 110W motor, 7 kPa suction, and adjustable options for versatile cleaning.

AGARO Imperial Cordless Stick Vacuum Cleaner:

Uncover the "Powerful Performer" in Imperial, featuring a 500W brushless DC motor, 28 kPa suction, and cordless convenience for efficient cleaning.

Comparing Top Vacuum Machines in India






Discount Percentage

Discounted Price

Ratings on Amazon

AGARO ACE Wet & Dry Vacuum Cleaner 1600W

- Capacity: 21 litres

- Powerful 1600W motor

- Strong 21.5 kPa suction power - Equipped with blower function

- 360-degree four swivel wheels

- Accessories: Main unit, hose pipe, telescopic metal tube, floor brush, crevice nozzle, multipurpose brush, absorbing brush

- 5 metres long power cord

- Wet & Dry dual cleaning capabilities

- Powerful suction and blower function

- Large dust collection capacity

- Multiple accessories included

- Relatively high price



RS. 6,901

4.3 out of 5 stars

AGARO Regal Hand Held Vacuum Cleaner 800W

- 800W motor, 6.5 kPa suction

- Durable ABS body

- Crevice nozzle for hard-to-reach areas

- 0.8L dust capacity

- Multiple cleaning brushes

- 5m long cord

- "Dust Dynamo" with 34% discount

- Compact and powerful

- Versatile cleaning brushes

- Limited dust capacity

RS. 2,999


RS. 1,998

4 out of 5 Stars

AGARO Supreme Cordless Stick Vacuum Cleaner

- 400W brushless DC motor, 25 kPa suction

- Rechargeable 2000 mAh battery

- 3 adjustable suction modes

- Motorised multi-floor rolling brush

- 0.5L bagless dust bin

- Flexible 270-degree head

- 2in1 vacuum cleaner

- 99.99% particle filtration

- "Wire-Free Wonder" with 42% discount

- Powerful and versatile

- Long-lasting battery life

- Longer recharging time

RS. 29,990


RS. 17,551

4.4 out of 5 Stars

AGARO Regency Cordless Stick Vacuum Cleaner

- 110W high efficiency motor, 7 kPa suction

- 2in1 vacuum cleaner

- Adjustable suction options

- Rechargeable 2200 mAh battery

- 0.5L bagless dust bin

- Washable HEPA filter

- "Eco-Efficient Explorer" with 47% discount

- Adjustable suction for various surfaces

- Washable HEPA filter

- Suitable for dry use only

RS. 14,990


RS. 8,094

4.5 out of 5 Stars

AGARO Imperial Cordless Stick Vacuum Cleaner

- 500W brushless DC motor, 28 kPa suction

- Rechargeable 2200 mAh battery

- 3 adjustable suction modes

- Motorised multi-floor rolling brush

- 0.5L bagless dust bin

- Multiple accessories

- "Powerful Performer" with 31% discount

- Cordless versatility

- Long-lasting battery life

- Relatively higher price

RS. 34,990


RS. 24,388

4.4 out of 5 Stars

AGARO is one of the top brands delivering premium affordable vacuum cleaners. You can buy these vacuum cleaners easily from their official website.



Understanding the vacuum cleaner working principle empowers us to make informed choices about vacuum cleaner purchasing and using these cleaning appliances. Combining an electric motor, air movement, filtration system, and well-designed attachments allows vacuum cleaners to remove dust and debris from our surroundings efficiently. Consider factors such as motor power, filtration system, and attachment quality when selecting a vacuum cleaner machine that meets your cleaning needs. Thanks to this guide, you can now confidently navigate the world of vacuum cleaners and unlock the secrets to their optimal cleaning performance.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is a vacuum pump working principle and how it works?

A: The working principle of a vacuum pump in a vacuum cleaner is based on creating a difference in air pressure. The pump motor generates suction by rapidly spinning a fan to create a low-pressure area inside the cleaner. As a result, air rushes into the vacuum, bringing dust and debris with it.

Q: What is a vacuum pump commonly used for?

A: In vacuum cleaners, the vacuum pump is primarily used for suctioning dust, dirt, and debris from various surfaces. It's an essential component that enables the cleaner to effectively remove particles from floors, carpets, upholstery, and other areas.

Q: How does a vacuum cleaner create suction? 

A: A vacuum cleaner creates suction by using an electric motor to drive a fan or impeller. The spinning fan creates a high-speed airflow, which decreases pressure, generating suction at the nozzle or brush.

Q: Are there any safety precautions to follow while using a vacuum cleaner? 

A: When using a vacuum cleaner, ensure the power cord is not damaged or frayed. Avoid vacuuming liquids or wet surfaces, as it can damage the machine and pose electrical hazards. Follow the manufacturer's instructions in the user manual for proper use and maintenance of the vacuum cleaner machine.

Q: Can vacuum cleaners remove allergens from the air? 

A: Yes, vacuum cleaners with advanced filtration systems, such as HEPA filters, can effectively capture allergens like dust mites, pollen, and pet dander from the air, reducing allergen exposure and improving indoor air quality.

Q: What is a room cleaner stick?

A: A room cleaner stick, commonly known as a stick vacuum cleaner, is a lightweight and usually cordless vacuum cleaner. It's designed for convenience and ease of use, making it ideal for quick clean-ups and regular maintenance in various spaces of a home. Stick vacuums are known for their slim profile, which allows them to easily maneuver around furniture and into tight spaces. They are particularly popular in homes with limited storage space or for those who seek a simple, efficient tool for everyday cleaning tasks.

Q: What are the main features to look for in a room cleaner stick?

A: When choosing a room cleaner stick, important features include its suction power, ease of maneuverability, battery life (for cordless models), weight, and the types of surfaces it can clean effectively. Additionally, look for a stick vacuum with various attachments for different cleaning needs, such as crevice tools for tight spaces or brushes for delicate surfaces. The dust capacity and filtration system are also crucial for maintaining a clean and allergen-free environment.

Q: What is a vacuum machine used for?

A: A vacuum machine is used for removing dirt, dust, debris, and other particles from floors, upholstery, and various surfaces in a home or commercial space, helping to keep the environment clean and allergen-free.

Q: Which is the best vacuum cleaner for home?

A: The AGARO ACE Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaner is highly recommended for home use. It offers versatility for cleaning both wet spills and dry debris, making it an excellent all-around choice for maintaining cleanliness.

Q: What is the principle of a vacuum machine?

A: The principle of a vacuum machine is to create a partial vacuum to suck up dust, dirt, and debris from surfaces. An electric motor generates suction, and filters trap the particles, allowing clean air to be expelled.

Q: What are the four types of vacuum?

A: The four main types of vacuums are upright, canister, stick, and handheld. Each type serves different cleaning needs, from deep carpet cleaning to light, quick cleanups and hard-to-reach areas.

Q: Which machine is used to clean the house?

A: Vacuum cleaners are the most commonly used machines to clean the house, providing an efficient way to remove dust, dirt, and other particles from various surfaces.

Q: What is the name of the cleaning machine?

A: Commonly, the term "vacuum cleaner" is used to refer to the cleaning machine designed for suctioning up dirt and debris from floors and upholstery.

Q: What is a floor cleaning machine?

A: A floor cleaning machine is a device designed specifically for cleaning floors. This includes vacuums for dry cleaning, as well as scrubbers and steam mops for wet cleaning, depending on the type of surface and level of cleanliness required.